Saturday, December 3, 2016

Ted Shackley A Life in the CIA

   Theodore Shackley A Life in the CIA



With Special Thanks to Douglas Valentine (Buy His New book The CIA as Organized Crime )

http://www.claritypress.com/Valentine.html


   Theodore Shackley is one of the most infamous figures in the history of the CIA. His career in the CIA involved him in many of their most notorious operations. He recruited Nazis and traitors to spy on the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc. He managed the covert war on Cuba from the Miami CIA station after the failed Bay of Pigs invasion.  There he formed links with many suspected of being involved with the JFK assassination both in organized crime and the CIA. He was chief of Station in Laos during a massive expansion of the dirty war there. Laos was also at the center of the international heroin trade which was used to finance the dirty war there. Next he became Chief of Station in Vietnam where he oversaw death squads, fixed elections, manipulated the media, and distorted intelligence to please the Nixon Administration. His next assignment was the Western Hemisphere division where he managed the destabilization of Chile and tried to stop Phillip Agee from revealing the Agencies many dirty dealings in Latin America. Next he was in charge of the Far Eastern Division while America finally lost it's decades long war in Asia with the fall of Saigon.


    Shackley's career continued to rise he was appointed Associate Deputy Director of Operations during George H. W. Bush's Infamous reign as DCI during 1976 overseeing a string of assassinations and terror attacks. Shackley had long been destined to head the CIA himself one day. "Unfortunately" the election of Jimmy Carter and his refusal to keep George Bush as CIA director would ruin Shackley's chances of heading the CIA. Together with Bush and Shackley's many loyal followers in the Agency they plotted the destruction of Jimmy Carter. Shackley began to operate his own privatized "off the books" intelligence network that would lead to a string of scandals Nugan Hand, EATSCO, The Safari Club, Iran/Contra, and ultimately 9/11 itself. However despite this he became George H.W. Bush's speechwriter and adviser during his presidency. I first became interested in Ted Shackley during my research on the Iran/Contra Scandal so you may find it useful to read that series of article particularly the first one From May 2016 Iran/Contra Part 1 The Secret Team which introduces Shackley and his many partners in crime and the fourth one from August 2016 Iran/Contra Part 4 WACL 2 Which discusses the events of 1976 while Shackley was running operations for George H. W. Bush. Of course to do Shackley Justice one would have to write a whole series of books and still one might fail because Shackley was very good at covering his tracks. For Shackley and the CIA to ever speak the truth was treason pure and simple and manipulating reporters while pretending to give them the "inside scoop" was one of both Shackley and the CIA's specialties.  Shackley took much of America's true history with him to the grave. Therefore anything written on Shackley can only be a rough draft. We have no idea what secrets are still left to uncover. In that sense Shackley embodies America's secret history. Through studying his life we can uncover many episodes in the deep history of the United States but the full truth may never be known.


   Shackley was an intensely secretive man. His personality was in many ways the opposite of the usual "cowboys" who carried out the covert operations for the CIA. Typically the "Cowboys" were tough talking hard drinking, and slightly reckless. Shackley was the opposite a "Suit" private, hard working, introverted. Doug Valentine who interviewed him describes him as "a pale cold fish" He had a photographic memory and a ruthless ambition. He  never questioned the Why of it all he just carried out the mission in his intense obsessive way. He worked 15 hour days sometimes working for 48 hours during a crisis. He inspired fierce loyalty but could be treacherous to his friends. He rarely talked about himself and became the object of strange rumors and legends. Some said he was an Orphan adopted and raised by the CIA. Shackley didn't debunk the legend because he was slightly ashamed of his actual origins.


   Theodore George Shackley Junior was born July 16, 1927 in Springfrield Massachusetts. His father Theodore Shackley Senior was an alcoholic from whom Shackley supposedly learned his reactionary politics. Lena Anna Sadova his mother gave him his secrecy and ambition. A Polish immigrant she fooled the world into thinking she was a native born american. She left Shackley's father when he was 2 taking the child with him. A charming woman after a string of relationships she eventually began an affair with a wealthy man she met in New York. At one point she sent Shackley away to live with her mother who pretended to be his aunt from whom he learned Polish which would later make him an attractive recruit for intelligence. Eventually he moved with his mother to Palm Beach Florida where she convinced her wealthy lover to marry her after a few years. Shackley hated his step dad and moved in with his high school football coach. He was a good student and a star athlete. He loved history a lifelong passion and bragged in his autobiography that he had read every book ever published on espionage in German, Polish, and English. He was also tough he didn't start fights but if anyone messed with him he would give them a brutal beat down often beating up the toughest kids from rival high schools. Those were the years when World War 2 was raging  and supposedly after spending a summer with his father he was infected by a fierce patriotism. He hoped to graduate high school in time to enlist in the military but the war ended to soon.


   Of course even before World War 2 was ended the next war World War 3 or the Cold War as it is more commonly known was already beginning. In October 1945 Shackley joined the military and was assigned to the counter-intelligence corps or CIC arriving in Germany April 13 1946. What exactly he did during this period remains a mystery. He recruited spies and nazis in the displaced persons camps. He was sent to train at the European Intelligence School in Oberammergau in Southern Germany. Daniel Sheehan claims that Shackley was assigned to be the personal translator and deputy to the infamous Nazi Spy Chief Reinhardt Gehlen but I wasn't able to find the source of this rumor in my weeks of research. Details on this period of his career are hard to come by because it would expose America's alliance with the Nazis that sparked the cold war as I discussed in my June 2014 article Nazis and the CIA. Thus whether he was merely a novice case officer or was involved in something more sinister remains to be revealed. However we do know that he was promoted quickly. Eventually Shackley left the army and went to the University of Maryland turning down Princeton to go to the same school as a high school friend Norman Hamer. He studied history, ran for class president loosing in a landslide. The Summer before his senior year he married his High School Sweet Heart Betts Brown.  Upon graduating early in January 1951 he planned to go to law school but he was in the army reserve and was called up  because of the Korean War. Shackley was an MP for a couple months and managed to get recruited into the CIA because of his language skills and experience with military intelligence.


   After going to the "Farm" as the CIA training camp was nicknamed he returned to Germany where  William Harvey would later become the Berlin COS (Chief of Station). Harvey who had been recruited out of the FBI and was a tough talking, cigar chomping, overweight man liked Shackley because he didn't have the elite upbringing of the OSS (the predecessor to the CIA) types like Allen Dulles or James Jesus Angleton. Shackley would become Harvey's protege. Shackley was assigned to Nuremburg where he worked under another of the most infamous CIA officers Lucien Conein who had joined the Corsican Mafia, advised Ho Chi Minh,  would later give the green light to the coup against Diem in Vietnam, would explain the politics of heroin in south east Asia to Alfred McCoy, later running a DEA hit squad composed of Cuban exiles. Shackley recruited agents to spy and wage covert war on the socialist world. It was a futile effort almost every agent they sent in was captured and executed or sent to prison. Still since he was hard working and eager to please his superiors singled him out for promotion.


    In 1955 he would transfer to the Berlin Station then the biggest and most important CIA station in the world.  Before Shackley's arrival Walter Potocki who had been handling Czechoslovakia  for 3 years was promised he would be promoted to head the Czechoslovakia task force he went home on leave and returned to discover that Shackley had been appointed to head all the "Satelite countries including Czechosolvakia. Shackley would be in charge of the CIA efforts in all the "satelite" countries The Warsaw pact countries liberated by the Soviet Union during the war and retained as a buffer because of America's aggressive moves like rearming west Germany which while given a P.R. rebranding as "Democratic" was actually run by the same fascists from Hitler's reign. Men like Reinhardt Gehlen. Or the wests covert wars in Albania, Poland, The Ukraine and anywhere else they could stir up trouble. Or the constant threats to nuke the USSR. Of course this is no place to begin the long overdue rewriting of the origins of the "cold war" But it is amazing that 70 years later people are still accepting cold war propaganda as history. Of course for men like Shackley these myths served to justify whatever crimes they would commit all done in the name of stopping a monolithic international communist conspiracy to conquer the world. Yet an accurate retelling of these years would focus on americas alliance with fascism and it's endless aggressive bullying and lies directed against Russia, China, and anyone else who dared to defy them. It was the CIA's jobs to feed these lies into the government back home and it had it's fascist agents manufacture a constant stream of disinformation about an impending Russian invasion.

  Recruiting agents, spreading lies and disinformation were among Shackley's main duties. He managed to get a communist Slovak leader fired by framing him as a former collaborator with the nazis . He worked with former nazis. He ran cross border raids. The CIA decided he had management talent.  He was sent back to CIA headquarters in Washington to manage the Czechoslovakia desk. While in Berlin Shackley and his wife's marriage fell apart because of Shackley's overwork. He fell in love with CIA secretary Hazel Burson a lower ranking CIA's man John Burson's wife. Hazel a Native American and Shackley began an affair meeting in CIA safe houses to conduct their adulterous romance. Shackley even had John Burson transfered so he and Hazel could spend more time together. Shackley broke up his marriage in a typically cold and cruel manner. They got divorced in 1960 and Shackley and Hazel would later marry. She was an adventurous woman moving with him to Laos with their daughter. Interestingly a CIA man once joked that it was Hazel not Ted who had the makings of a criminal mastermind so she doubtless played her own largely unknown role in America's deep history.

     After the failed Bay of Pigs invasion William Harvey was sent down to Miami to take charge of plans to assassinate Fidel Castro and a terrorist campaign aimed at sabotaging the Cuban Economy. He wanted his old Protege Shackley to help him. Shackley would quickly rise to become in charge of waging the covert war  and attempting to recruit spy networks in Cuba. He ran the infamous J/MWave base in an abandoned blimp hanger on the University of Miami campus which operated under the name Zenith Technology. He recruited Bay of Pigs Veterans into the infamous S-Force who were given special forces training in explosives, infiltration, assassination, and intelligence work. They would be fiercely loyal to Shackley and would go on to a long career of covert war, scandal and crime. The Watergate burglars were Shackley's cubans. The S-Force also included men like Rafael "Chi Chi" Quintero and Felix Rodriguez who would wage dirty wars on behalf of the CIA around the world. Many had worked for infamous gangster Santos Trafficante back in Cuba and would be involved in drug smuggling for decades to come.


Peter Dale Scott points out that at least 5 of Shackley's Miami associates David Morales, Frank Ragano (Trafficante's Lawyer) Howard Hunt, Dave Phillips, and John Martino boasted of a role in the JFK assassination although he warns that these admissions could be part of a disinformation campaign. Still David Morales a veteran of the coup against Arbenz in Guatemala and Shackley's Liason to the mob in Miami and Laos would brag "I was in Dallas when we got that mother fucker [JFK] and I was in Los Angeles when we got the little bastard [RFK]"  Shackley grew to hate Robert Kennedy who was supervising the covert war on Cuba and would constantly berate the CIA for their poor performance in the most insulting terms. Ed Landsdale  had created Task Force W (Named for american mercenary William Walker who had made himself dictator of Nicaragua during the 19th century) Landsdale filled the Kennedy's heads with unrealistic expectations promising to mount a full scale coup in Cuba by October 1962. A legendary figure for his exploits in the 50's. Within the CIA by the 60's Landsdale had become despised as an out of touch meddler who's overoptimistic brainstorming had become dangerously out of touch with reality.

    While in Miami Shackley staged the first of his big betrayals. The ambitious Shackley didn't need the hard drinking Harvey anymore and started telling RFK dirt on his former mentor and taking credit for Harvey's accomplishment eventually getting him fired. It was in Miami that Shackley met another of the most notorious CIA agents in history Desmond Fitzgerald an old OSS vet from China who had been deeply involved in the CIA alliance with the fascist drug dealers of the KMT and the Mafia. Allied to William Pawley and Paul Helliwell Fitgerald set up a global drug smuggling network as part of Operation Paper. Shackley had already befriended Helliwell before Harvey was fired. Now Fitzgerald Harvey's replacement selected Shackley as his protege setting him on the path to head the CIA one day.


   Although he was merely following orders from the Kennedy white house It was Shackley's ever intensifying terror campaign that would provoke the soviets into sending Nuclear missiles to Cuba to prevent what they saw as the steadily mounting threat of invasion. Shackley liked to claim his agents were the first to discover the missiles but since they had sent so many false reports about missiles they were ignored until the reports were confirmed by a U2 flight. In reality the intelligence on the misslies came from interviewing newly arrived exiles not Shackley's spynetwork. The covert war on Cuba had nearly caused a nuclear war. It was also the moment when all the gossip Shackley had passed Robert Kennedy finally cost Harvey his job. The Kennedy's promised to end the covert war on Cuba in exchange for the withdrawal of the missiles but they merely moved the bases to central America and slowly began to escalate the war again now under Fitzgerald's management. Shackley also began working with the shadowy William Pawley and authorized Pawley's infamous raid on Cuba during which he bragged that JFK would be eliminated. After the assassination of JFK Shackley helped with the coverup and spread rumors blaming the Russians and Cubans for the rest of his life. Whatever Shackley knew he never revealed.

   Perhaps the most important contact Shackley would make in Miami was with Thomas Clines. They had first met in Germany but it was in Miami that Clines would take on his role as Shackley's right hand man. Unlike the cold Shackley the fast talking Clines was likable and despite Clines initial dislike of Shackley he would carry out his will for decades. Clines became as David Corn calls him Shackley's shadow. Clines would carry out Shackley's dirty work in Miami, Laos, Australia, Iran, Egypt and many other places. The two names Shackley and Clines would be linked to many of the scandals of the 1970's and 1980's from Nugan Hand, to Eatsco, Iraqgate, culminating in Iran/Contra. Clines was merely the most prominent of a network of Shackley loyalists who he promised to help advance as he climbed the ladder at the CIA.


   No doubt thanks to his connections to the Desmond Fitzgerald, Paul Helliwell, and William Pawley trio Shackley would be assigned to the heroin funded dirty war in Laos after being briefly sent back to Berlin in 1965 to rebuild spy networks disrupted by the Berlin Wall (Shackley announced on his return to Berlin "I am here to tear down this wall) Shackley was assigned as Chief of Station in Laos in July 1966.  There he would run the massive CIA dirty war in the country. Laos was a tiny landlocked country of only 3 million people. The CIA had pushed the country into a civil war because it would not tolerate a neutral Laos under Souvana Phouma.  This forced the left leaning Pathet Lao to take up arms to defend themselves after the CIA launched a right wing coup attempt backing Phoumi Nosavan. The coup backfired provoking a neutralist coup by Kong Le. The history of Laos is far to complex to go into here with an long series of coups and counter-coups often aimed at controlling the heroin trade. In Laos there was a coup attempt every year. The CIA backed the Royal Laotian army against the Pathet Lao but because of their poor performance the CIA also relied increasingly on the Hmong. Hmong meant "mankind" in their language but the CIA frequently called them the Meo which means barbarians in Chinese. The Hmong were similar in some ways to the native americans the Hmong had a rich culture and had lived self sufficiently on their sacred lands until the french in the form of Col. Roger Trinquier recruited them to fight the Viet Minh and began to market the opium that they grew to finance their war effort. It was known as Operation X. After the french lost Indochina the CIA man Bill Lair (a veteran of Thailand where he trained the drug linked police death squads) in December 1960 had taken over the french role  meeting with general Vang Pao and using his Hmong as guerrilla troops. The Hmong called the CIA The sky people since they were flown in by Air America pilots bringing rice, advisers and weapons and taking out opium. Eventually the CIA would bring in heroin labs to the Hmong Lands boosting the value of the drug trade in Laos and insuring the profits ended up funding the dirty war in Laos. The decision of their ambitious leader Vang Pao to turn his entire people into CIA mercenaries would have disastrous consequences for them.


    The war in Laos had two major fronts in the north the Hmong, battled the Pathet Lao, and the NVA on the plain of jars a key opium growing area. In the south the Ho Chi Minh trail was being used to bring supplies into South Vietnam to liberate the land from american occupation and reunite the country. Shackley was assigned to attempt to disrupt this supply route. It was eventually decided that the only way to do this was to massively escalate the role of the Hmong in the war including forcing them to move off their sacred lands so they could attempt to disrupt the supply trail. Shackley's role in escalating this war would earn him the title the Butcher of Laos. Teams of Hmong were trained to hunt down the VC. Others called road watch teams were given training in how to call in airstrikes using special electronics gear Shackley had the technical services division construct after brainstorming on how to provide a device that would allow an illiterate Hmong tribesman to call in an airstrike. Shackley bragged in his autobiography of being the first to coordinate "irregular" forces with air power to wage war. The war in Laos formed a blueprint for South Africa's war in support of UNITA in Angola, the US invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 (also using the opium growing tribesmen this time of the northern alliance)  and the destruction of Libya using NATO airpower and Al Qaeda foot soldiers (Shackley would also play a role in funding the creation of Al Qaeda)

  Shackley sought to turn the Hmong from a guerrilla force into a conventional army a policy that would lead them to destruction. They were tough fighters but didn't have the numbers to survive the massive casualties from trying to battle the NVA head on who of course were also tough fighters. Thus many CIA vets in Laos who had lived with and grown attached to the Hmong came to hate Shackley. Actually Shackley himself grew to like the Hmong and would serve as their patron after the war. But this didn't stop him from sacrificing them as pawns in a geopolitical game of chess. He knew all his bosses cared about was Vietnam next door. As more and more Hmong died fighting the CIA dirty war the recruits got younger and younger soon their were 13 year olds fighting on the front lines. Shackley Oversaw a massive bombing campaign in the plain of jars bombing defenseless villages and turning the whole area into a wasteland. Shackley oversaw a number of military disasters in Laos. There was his plan to lure the enemy into battle at Nam Bac his advisers warned him the plan was dangerous the geography made it easy for the force stationed there to be surrounded from the ring of mountains. Shackley went through with the plan anyways sending a huge force in to provoke a battle but they ended up surrounded crushed and fleeing in a rout. It was a Laotian Dien Bien Phu and became known as "Shackley's Folly." He also lost the secret radar base on sacred Hmong Land at Phou Pha Ti surrounded by fields of opium. It was used to direct bombing raids into North Vietnam and was manned by american troops under civilian cover most of whom were killed when the base was captured.

   In addition to escalating the level of death and destruction in Laos Shackley also played a role in the global drug trade. Shackley himself admits that he "looked the other way" after all both the  CIA backed Laotian Generals of the Royal Army like Ouane Rattikone and Phoumi Nosvan  as well as Vang Pao's Hmong were deeply tied to the drug trade. Of course it was the CIA that had backed their rise to power in the first place. But while the exact degree of Shackley's involvement in the global drug trade is unclear he definitely did more then just look the other way. He brought in his loyalists Thomas Cline, and Dave Morales and assigned them to bases central to the drug trade. Clines became Vang Pao's chief adviser while Morales was assigned to the infamous base at Pakse where Air America flew out heroin. Both had worked with the mafia in Miami and Santos Traficante their old friend was soon flooded with Laotian heroin. CIA veteran Victor Marchetti claimed that Shackley managed to run most of the Laos war off the books. He told Author Joseph Trento

 "We were officially spending $27 million a year on the war in Laos  while Shackley was there. The war was costing ten times that amount. It was no secret how they were doing it: they financed it with drugs they gave Shackley a medal for it"

   Shackley's most dramatic connection to the drug trade was when he intervened in the Laotian "Opium War" in 1967.As Richard Secord admitted to Douglas Valentine Shackley though Patry Loomis had Richard Secord bomb a thai based group of KMT who were battling Rattikone over a 16 ton opium caravan insuring that the Laotian generals would have the right to tax the opium trade and the profits would fund the secret war in Laos. Although the war in Laos would prove a disaster for the empire with the Pathet Lao victorious in 1975 while Shackley was there it was viewed as a major success story. Before he left in October 1968 he got massively drunk at a fairwell party with Vang Pao and his Hmong a rare momment of letting loose for the tightly controlled Shackley. By the time Shackley left Laos 40,000 Hmong had died as a result of being used as cannon fodder and being bombed by their american allies.


    Shackley's next assignment in 1968 was as Chief of Station in Saigon which had become the largest and most important CIA station in the world. It was in the wake of the Tet Offensive when the NLF launched a massive offensive which while costly in casualties dealt the americans a psychological blow they never recovered from leading Kennedy's successor Lyndon Baines Johnson to cancel his re-election campaign. Shackley arrived in Vietnam to attempt to improve American Intelligence in the wake of the Tet offensive. He also sought to shift responsibility for the Phoenix Program onto the military while still secretly maintaining CIA control. Military advisers were brought in to replace CIA advisers who were then freed up to focus on trying to penetrate the NLF infrastructure. Shackley was a demanding boss and an absolute control freak. He was a numbers man always demanding quantifiable results and setting ever eising qouta's for reports or "neutralizations." He rode to work every day Chauffeured in an armored car with a pistol in his briefcase. The NLF were actually far better at spying then the americans and had bombed CIA headquarters under one of Shackley's predecessors as chief of station. They had also heavily penetrated the South Vietnamese government and military with an estimated 30,000 spies. Shackley tried to improve counter-intelligence but the size of the problem was so huge that he usually found it wiser to coverup the problem then risk the embarrassment exposing America's South Vietnamese allies would cause. However with South Vietnamese President Thieu's permission one high level spy ring was busted. Meanwhile despite all the pressure Shackley put on the CIA officers he was managing they failed to develop many high level spies in the communist ranks. The major exception being an agent code named HACKLE who provided high level intelligence on NLF and NVA intentions.


   Of course Shackley was smart enough to know was that what the bosses wanted back home was not accurate intelligence but cheerful news that would make it appear Nixon and Kissinger's strategy was paying off. Valuable reports that painted a bleak picture never made it out of Saigon while reports that made it seem the war was going well were quickly forwarded to Washington. Above all Shackley's goal was to make the CIA and himself appear highly successful. He cultivated a circle of reporters that he could rely on to print the lies he told them. He brought over cuban exiles like Felix Rodriguez who served under Donald Gregg who would go on to supervise Iran/Contra for V.P. Bush. Meanwhile Shackley himself had yet to be mentioned in the press and was completely unknown to the general public. This was despite the fact that he was among the 4 most powerful americans in the country along with Ambassador Bunker, General Abrams, and Bill Colby head of CORDS a cover for the Phoenix program and other "pacification" schemes.

   However this would slowly change as Shackley was involved in his first major scandal. This was the so called Green Beret Murder trial. A former CIA officer serving with Special Forces Alvin Smith had befriended his translator Thai Khac Chuyen but then suspected him of being a double agent for the NLF. A bunch of south vietnamese collaborators had quit working for Smith because they suspected Chuyen. Then he found a photo that his often over active imagination believed was of Chuyen posing with a bunch of NLF years earlier. He decided to tell his fellow special forces and they went to the CIA for advice they wanted them to lock him up on a secret island or somewhere where he couldn't talk to the south vietnamese the CIA refused to help denying they had their own prisons. The CIA Phoenix program prisons called PICS were run by the South Vietnamese Special Branch police but the truth is they just didn't think Chuyen was important enough to bother going to the trouble. Instead the special forces received an unofficial green light to just kill Chuyen from one of Shackley's Protege's Harold Chipman who foolishly brought Shackley's name into it saying "Shack won't mind he carried out 250 political murders in Laos" Unfortunately for the Green Berets when they kept badgering the CIA for permission to kill Chuyen they were leaving an embarrassing paper trail. They should have merely killed Chuyen in secret Shackley felt. The green berets waited for word back and finally decided that no word back was in itself permission they killed Chuyen and made it look like he had been sent on a mission to Cambodia. They were shocked to discover a telegram the next day from Shackley warning them not to kill Chuyen and threatening to turn them into their superiors.

   Whether Shackley was merely covering himself or whether he had his own reasons for stirring up trouble between General Abrams head of the military in Vietnam and the Green Berets is unclear. But despite Shackley's efforts the CIA was nearly drawn into the case an outrage to CIA oldtimers who believed they were above the law. Meanwhile the Green Berets and their commander nearly ended up in prison for killing a single double agent in a war that had killed millions. Of course Chuyen refused to confess despite a polygraph and being drugged with Sodium Pentathal. Was he merely a traitor working for the americans and caught up in a misunderstanding or a heroic secret agent spying on the American Special Forces for the NLF or perhaps an opportunist trying to work both sides. Circumstantial evidence suggested that he really was spying for the NLF. All we know is that he and his wife deeply loved each other. But regardless of whatever sympathy I felt for Chuyen it still seemed an absurd level of hypocrisy even for a nation that specializes that while the CIA was running a mass assassination program that killed 30-60,000 people and the Military was engaged in indiscriminate mass slaughter that killed millions to hold a murder trial for 16 men accused of killing 1 man. On the other hand a trial might have been a valuable way of exposing some of the uglier aspects of the war in Vietnam like the Phoenix program. And the Special Forces men charges had probably done all sorts of terrible things in the past. Of course the special forces themselves saw it as pure hypocrisy and by dragging the CIA into it they managed to get the charges dropped eventually  thanks to orders from president Nixon himself who had enjoyed watching the whole episode make CIA director Richard Helms squirm. Shackley came to regret sending the memo when Chipman's remarks involving him were aired at the secret hearing and Chipman made even more embarrassing admissions when testifying. Luckily for Shackley the press never mentioned him by name despite knowing who he was.

   Shackley's move to Vietnam did not mean he gave up his major activities from Laos. He would be closely linked to the Vietnamese Generals who controlled the heroin traffick in the country. He would oversee the PRU death squads thru his subordinates tens of thousands would be kidnapped, tortured and assassinated under his watch. He fixed the Vietnamese elections for President Thieu while also bugging his presidential palace. He would play a major role in Supervising the bloodbath in Vietnam that would kill millions.

   It was perhaps as a form of punishment for the "Green Beret" Scandal that Shackley received his next assignment the Western Hemisphere division which mostly dealt with Latin America. Philip Agee had turned on the agency as I discussed way back in my February 2014 article "Inside the CIA". After watching the CIA manipulate the politics of the continent buying politicians, planting fake news, training torturers and staging coups Agee had decided that he had a responsibility to expose the CIA's methods to the world. He was writing a book the classic "Inside the Company: CIA Diary" which I highly recommend you read for yourselves. Shackley had to do damage control he had to move out all the CIA officers Agee threatened to expose. This made him a lot of enemies within the CIA in Latin America they started calling him "Ted Shitley". However the shake up did allow him to fill South America with Shackley loyalists who would oversee a massive expansion in the cocaine trade. Shackley also plotted to stop Agee. He had an agent give him a bugged type writer and even tried to lure him to Franco's Spain where Agee believes he would have been murdered. Luckily for Agee he discovered his new friends were actually CIA spies not underground journalists or sympathetic leftists as they claimed. Shackley's other major task while head of the Western Hemisphere division was to carry out the destabilization and coup against Allende in Chile. He sent Thomas Clines down to Chile to supervise matters. Tens of thousands would be tortured and murdered by the fascist Pinochet Regime. (See my Article on Operation Condor) As head of Western Hemisphere division Shackley oversaw a massive dirty war on the people of Latin America CIA advisers trained torturers and death squads. Shackley was appointed head of the Far Eastern division in May of 73 a couple months before the coup in Chile took place.


   As head of the far east division Shackley would befriend and dig up black mail dirt on future president and long time deep cover CIA officer George H. W. Bush. Bush had been appointed Ambassador to China where he worked closely with Shackley ally and CIA station chief in Beijing James Lilley. While in China Bush and Lilley managed to recruit the future leader of China Deng Xiaoping as an agent in an amazingly little discussed episode of history. Bush and Shackley had a strange relationship it is difficult to establish which of the two was in control of the other. Shackley would during the Bush/Reagan years carry out Bush's secret orders carrying out off the books intelligence operations that would culminate in Iran/Contra and eventually lead to 9/11. Of course the most important development while Shackley was head of the Far Eastern division were the final liberation of Vietnam and Laos in 1975. The mighty  empire had finally been defeated Shackley watching the scene on his TV with his daughter  wept.


    It was a busy time for Shackley earlier he had helped cover up CIA foreknowledge of the Watergate break in and "the plumbers" dirty tricks. CIA dirty tricks in Thailand provoked riots. In Australia Shackley and Clines were deeply involved with Nugan Hand a bank used to launder drug money and fund arms deals. The bank was run by two  Shackley associates Bernard Houghton a former CIA Station chief in Thailand and Green Beret Michael Hand plus Frank Nugan a shady Australian businessman. Shackley used the bank to fund a soft coup against the Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam. Whitlam had tried to stop Australian intelligence from helping the CIA overthrow Allende in Chile, and had criticized the war on Vietnam. Nugan Hand Bank was used to fund a smear campaign while back at Langley Shackley warned Australian Intel to do something about Whitlam or be kicked out of the 5 Eyes spy club. (The US UK Canada Australia and New Zealand) Whitlam would be overthrown by a legalistic coup similar to the one in Brazil this year Shackley's secret message had worked. The Nugan Hand scandal would later erupt when Frank Nugan was found dead in 1980. Luckily for Shackley the US media refused to cover the massive network of corruption, arms dealing, drug trafficking and money laundering the Australians managed to uncover.


   Nobody has proven Shackley personally was enriching himself with his involvement with the drug trade in Laos and Vietnam. However perhaps because of Shackley's relationship with Edwin Wilson who he ran thru Clines (and who had managed to get rich managing CIA front companies) Shackley and Clines now began to get greedy. Or perhaps it was simply being posted back in the US on a government salary after living like a king in Laos and Vietnam. Wilson had a multimillion dollar estate and was allied to powerful republican lobbyists like Robert Keith Grey. Ed Wilson was another of the CIA's most infamous officers.  Shackley would eventually betray Wilson and have him sent to prison so that he and Clines could gain control of Wilson's arms dealing empire. From this period on Shackley became involved in the world of privatized off the books operations. Wilson helped them set up Eatsco fronting a half a million dollars to set up a company to profit off the arms deals Egypt received in exchange for Sadat's treacherous peace deal with Israel. Sadat himself would end up assassinated as part of the EATSCO scandal propelling the corrupt Mubarak to power who wanted Sadat dead to hide all the bribes he was getting as part of EATSCO. Sadat's Assassination also cleared the way for the later Israeli invasion of Lebanon. The Fall of the Shah may well have been part of Shackley and Bush's plot to topple president Carter as Iranian researcher Fara Mansoor has revealed. This is what is known as the Deep October Surprise.


   What is certain is that Shackley's friends like Von Marbod and Richard Secord were deeply involved in all sorts of shady dealings in Iran during this time along with former CIA Director Richard Helms. Wilson's activities in Libya were closely tied in with the schemes in Iran. He sold arms to the Libyans both to make a profit and to get close enough to spy on them. The Libyans were training the Iranian Revolutionaries and Wilson spied on them for SAVAK Iranian intelligence. He supplied their names and SAVAK assassinated them once they left Libya. Libya also was an ally of Russia so Wilson was able to steal Russian weapons secrets. He believed he was working for Shackley and the CIA while behind the scenes Shackley plotted his downfall leaking a distorted version of Wilson's activities to the press labeling him a rogue and encouraging prosecutor Larry Barcella to pursue him. Wilson had made the mistake of turning down Shackley for a $100,000 "loan" and in revenge Shackley had Wilson framed and stole his whole arms dealing business. He and Clines would make millions.

   This was also the period when infamous Counter-Intelligence Chief James Jesus Angleton was finally fired in 1974. His legendary paranoia had inadvertently protected the Soviet Union since Angleton believed every agent recruited and every defector was a fake sent by the USSR. He paralyzed the CIA with his endless mole hunts. He also controlled the domestic drug trade on behalf of the CIA through men like the infamous former communist Jay Lovestone. But for Shackley the most important thing was that Angleton had been the Israeli's liaison to the CIA. With Angleton out Shackley called and offered his services to Israel he would be their friend in the CIA. Although they didn't trust him like their long time ally Angleton they agreed. Shackley started sharing intelligence and thru Clines had Wilson unwittingly spying for them in Libya and Egypt in addition to spying for the CIA.

   In January 1976 Shackley's friend George H. W. Bush was appointed DCI (head of the CIA) He soon appointed Shackley the Associate Deputy Director of Operations. Shackley's supposed boss William Wells was a mere figurehead Shackley was in charge of all covert operations. Shackley's cubans formed CORU that same year and engaged in a global terror campaign blowing up a cuban airliner and assassinating the former Chilean Ambassador and Pinochet critic Orlando Letelier along with american Ronni Moffit a few blocks from the Capitol in Washington DC. Bush helped cover that one up. John Rosselli was found dead in a barrel that same year after testifying about the CIA mob connection to the house committee on assassinations and William Harvey died of a heart attack. Harvey's death was probably purely natural causes he was an elderly overweight alcoholic after all I just find the timing interesting. Rosselli was clearly murdered and Bush saved Shackley from having to answer any questions by refusing to reveal  to the police who had been COS in Miami on November 22 1963. This is another aspect of Shackley's career that will remain unknown but he is widely rumored to have had a number of people murdered to cover up the many scandals he was involved in. Gene Wheaton claimed Shackley's crew had killed at least 17 US citizens to cover up their crimes. Talking about Shackley or his Secret Team friends could get you killed.

   Carter's win in the presidential race would ruin Bush and Shackley's plan's for the future. Bush practically begged Carter to let him stay on as DCI he loved his job. Carter refused Bush resigned on inauguration day and vowed his revenge. It was like a real life "House of Cards" the original British version not the over-rated bloated American remake inspired by the Clintons. Shackley and his allies within the CIA would work to undermine the Carter Administration from within. Meanwhile Bush plotted his presidential run while running a shady BCCI connected London bank for the Safari club. The Safari Club was formed to get around congressional oversight after the CIA was forbidden from funding the covert war in Angola after Fidel Castro sent thousands of Cuban soldiers to successfully stop a South African invasion in support of UNITA which hoped to topple the MPLA from power. Saudi Arabia, Morocco, Egypt, Iran(before the fall of the Shah), France, and Israel formed the Safari club to do the CIA's dirty work for them while they were being investigated by congress. Through Shackley Bush used the Safari club to fund illegal wars across the planet. Their biggest effort was in Afghanistan which replaced South East Asia as the new center of the global heroin trade. Thus the Safari club would eventually lead to 9/11 and Shackley's off the books operation would lead to the war on terror. Though Shackley died in 2002 his activities in the 70's and 80's would have consequences which would outlive him. BCCI the so called outlaw bank would be formed in response to the collapse of Nugan Hand and would carry on the role of laundering drug money and funding illegal weapons deals.

   Carter appointed Navy Admiral Stansfield Turner as the new CIA director. Shackley's plot to betray Wilson managed to cost him his chances of promotion under Turner.  Turner was outraged when he read about the "rogue" agent Edwin Wilson and to later discover Shackley's "friendship" with Wilson. He had been brought in to clean up the CIA and Shackley seemed to embody everything he was trying to stop. Ironically Shackley was himself the one who had leaked the story to the press. Turner removed Shackley from his post as Associate director of Operations in February 1978 transferring Shackley to NITC an Intelligence fusion center that linked the CIA, NSA, DIA, military intelligence and the intelligence services of America's allies. This enraged Shackley and his supporters. On the other hand the new job allowed him carry out his work on behalf of the Safari network especially Israel and the Saudis. However when his boss at NITC quit and Turner refused to promote him Shackley decided it was time to "retire." In reality he merely switched to managing a privatized parallel CIA in the service of George H. W. Bush.

   To fully do justice to the second half of Shackley's career will require a completely separate article which I hope to write one day. But even before Shackley had left CIA all the seeds had been planted that would bloom into a jungle of scandals. Shackley's immediate mission was to destroy Carter. With his ally Michael Ledeen he seduced Jimmy Carter's brother Billy into making a deal with the Libyans to help them get some planes they were owed. They then revealed it to the press creating the "Billygate" scandal. Shackley had his friends in the CIA hide what was going on in Iran and Afghanistan so Carter would be caught by surprise. Carter was surrounded by treacherous allies of Shackley like Zbigniew Brzezinski who Shackley had recruited into the CIA in the 1960's. Another valuable Shackley ally was Donald Gregg who provided the information allowing the Reagan/Bush to sabotage Carter's hostage deal the "October Surprise." Carter lost the 1980 Election.

   Reagan came to power in 1981. Even before that Shackley and Clines were organizing the Contras. They set up a series of front companies like API and Research Associates International a privatized CIA. They were in business with shady Iranian businessman and Israeli spy Albert Hakim which would evolve into the Iran Arms deals. Once Reagan was in office these activities would expand leading to the Iran/Contra scandal involving Shackley and a whole host of his allies from Berlin, Miami, Laos, and Vietnam that Daniel Sheehan dubbed the "Secret Team" . Now once again they would fund a dirty war thru the drug trade waging a terror campaign like the one Shackley had run against Cuba directed against Nicaragua managed by familiar names like Donald Gregg and Felix Rodriguez (who had also worked on Operation Condor in Argentina in the Meantime) They also waged a Vietnam style Phoenix program in Guatemala and El Salvador where almost 200,000 would die as part of the dirty war.

  Shackley had helped popularize the blue print for the many covert wars Reagan would wage in the 1980's which I cataloged in my article Iran/ Contra pt 2 World War 3. Not only did Shackley give lectures demanding the US wage a global counterinsurgency war he even wrote a book about it for a general audience called "The Third Option" which he dedicated to the "Meo." Although too controversial to be named DCI Shackley would be brought in to secretly completely restructure military intelligence. He would also oversee the creation of JSOC the special forces command with General Stillwell. Shackley was not only at the center of managing the whole Iran/Contra network the "Secret Team" he also set in motion the scandal itself when he met with Manucher Ghorbanifar who told Shackley about a possible arms for hostages deal with Iran, Shackley then passed the info to his old friend Michael Ledeen who sold the idea to the white house. Despite this fact Shackley pretended he had nothing to do with Iran/Contra. Amusingly his CIA published "Autobiography" claims he was falsely accused of complicity in Iran/Contra and Shackley choose to remain silent about the entire shadowy second half of his career from the mid 1970's onwards in the book.

   In addition to Nugan-Hand, EATSCO, the Safari Club, BCCI, and Iran/Contra Shackley would also work for a shady South African Billionaire during the 1980's aiding Apartheid South Africa. I assume he met him thru the his Israeli friends in the Safari club since Africa was seemingly the only continent in which Shackley was not deeply involved although as ADDO during 1976 he supervised the war on Angola along with  all the other covert operations the CIA was running. Thanks to his friend Bush Shackley picked up a lucrative contract in Kuwait worth tens of millions. Through the Safari Club and EATSCO Shackley was deeply involved in funding the dirty war on Afghanistan a country very similar to Laos as Peter Dale Scott has observed. Shackley the Cold Warrior would thus help give birth to the war on Terror. He was also a key figure in getting the CIA into the "War on Drugs" as a means of controlling the global drug trade. Shackley would oversee the CIA recruitment of numerous drug lords as agents which gave them complete protection from the DEA which Shackley infiltrated and sabotaged from within. Shackley would use his privatized intelligence agency to help loot eastern Europe on behalf of western oil companies. He also strongly advocated that the CIA rely increasingly on business executives as a cover and it is doubtful whether he ever truly left the CIA at all. When Bush managed to become President Shackley was one of his closest adviser and even his main speechwriter. While his friend Thomas Clines would serve a short prison sentence, and Ed Wilson would be locked up for decades Ted Shackley emerged relatively unscathed. Thanks to Daniel Sheehan's Christic institute lawsuit a slightly exaggerated version of his career would become known to those who closely followed the case enraging Shackley. However despite years of Murders, coups, assassinations, terrorist attacks, drug dealing, arms dealing, dirty wars, and treachery Shackley would never pay any real penalty. Instead he became, a wealthy and highly influential figure close to the center of power. He died in 2002. His schemes to reorganize the CIA were later adopted in 2006 with the creation of a Director of National Intelligence to replace the DCI position. Today the CIA is more powerful then ever with even more secrecy and impunity then in Shackley's day. Privatized intelligence has also massively expanded becoming a multi-billion dollar industry involved in funding terror attacks, drug dealing, human trafficking and many other crimes. Today we all live in the world Theodore  Shackley helped build.
 


 


Sources

My main source was David Corn's "The Blonde Ghost: Ted Shackley and the CIA's Crusades." It is a must read for anyone interested in Shackley but it fails to dig deeply into the second half of Shackley's career.
"Prelude to Terror: Edwin P. Wilson and the Legacy of America's Private Intelligence Network" by Joseph J. Trento digs much more deeply into Shackley's career and should be read by anyone interested in the Origins of 9/11.
I read Shackley's Autobiography "Spymaster: My Life in the CIA" By Ted Shackley with Richard A Finney which is of course a self serving whitewash but is still interesting reading.
For the Definitive account of the Phoenix Program read "The Phoenix Program" By Douglas Valentine who interviewed Shackley, Clines, and Secord for the book. All his books are a must read for anyone interested in the CIA and the war on Drugs. TDY a novel paints a vivid picture of Laos. Strength of The Wolf and Strength of the Pack tell the true story of the fake war on drugs.
I relied heavily on another one of my favorites "American War Machine: Deep Politics, The CIA Global Drug Connection and the Road to Afghanistan." By Peter Dale Scott. I Also recommend his "The Iran Contra Connection: Secret Teams and Covert Operations in The Reagan Era"
For more on the Green Beret Murder Case read "A Murder in Wartime: The Untold Spy Story that Changed the Course of the Vietnam War" by Jeff Stein.
I also read "Manhunt: The Incredible Pursuit of a CIA Agent Turned Terrorist" by Peter Maas who intentionally covered up Ed Wilson's relation to the CIA and provides a misleading account.



Doug Valentine is the world's leading expert on the CIA here is a link to his new book available now in E-Book and will be out in hardcover by Christmas.

http://www.claritypress.com/Valentine.html

Doug Valentine has made his Phoenix Program Tapes available online they are a must listen

http://www.cryptocomb.org/Phoenix%20Tapes.html

And check out his website

http://www.douglasvalentine.com

And here is the first in A series of interviews with Fara Mansoor on the "Deep October Surprise"

http://spitfirelist.com/for-the-record/ftr-896-fara-mansoor-on-the-deep-october-surprise-part-1/

@OurHiddenHistry Sent me this article on Shackley subscribe to his great YouTube Channel with tons of videos on the CIA

 http://spartacus-educational.com/JFKshackley.htm

I am taking a couple months off from writing this blog and will be back in February However check out this great Archive from @OurHiddenHistry while I'm gone. Begin your own investigation of the world's "deep history."

 https://archive.org/details/@altviewstv-fanclub

I did an interview with SOTT where I discussed Ted Shackley which also has links to my first 3 Iran Contra articles which they added great illustrations to.

https://www.sott.net/article/323113-The-Truth-Perspective-Beyond-Iran-Contra-The-secret-history-of-Americas-covert-wars-with-Hugo-Turner

Wednesday, November 2, 2016

Torture in Libya : Free Dr Dorda

Urgent: Dr Dorda's Torture Justifies Fears of Deliberate Sytematic Murder


This week I am featuring a guest post from My Friend Alexandra Valiente who is working to free Dr. Dorda who is being illegally held tortured and forbidden to see a lawyer. He is one of thousands of political prisoners being illegally held and tortured in NATO occupied Libya. Until Libya is liberated the world must demand justice for prisoners like Dr. Dorda.

It is critical that the world community of human rights advocates and activists unite in their demand that Dr. Dorda be immediately released from the LIFG terrorist-run Al Hadba prison and safely returned to his family.
He has been subjected to an escalation of physical and psychological torture over the past six months. He is being systematically, brutally murdered.
(Please see the reports below in Arabic)
Dr. Dorda refused to participate in the LIFG negotiations under the banner of “Forget September and February” which prompted an escalation of retaliatory, punitive actions.
His torture should send a strong, cautionary  message to those who naively embraced and promoted Khaled Al Sharif’s campaign.
In May, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention called for Dr. Dorda’s release.
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We must now urge that human rights body to apply pressure on the UN-backed government of accord to fulfill that demand and appeal to the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture requesting urgent intervention.
Alexandra Valiente

طرابلس :إستمرار منع الزيارات عن أبوزيد دوردة فى معتقل الهضبة للشهر الخامس على التوالي
كشف مصدر مقرب من عائلة بوزيد دوردة الرئيس السابق لجهاز الأمن الخارجي إبان النظام السابق عن إستمرار سلطات معتقل الهضبة التابع لتنظيم الجماعة الليبية المقاتلة الارهابية فى منع الزيارة عنه للشهر الخامس على التوالي .
و قال المصدر الذى تحدث للمرصد شرط عدم الكشف عن هويته لأسباب أمنية أن القائمين على المعتقل سمحوا بزيارات قصيرة لباقي المعتقلين فى مع إستثناء إسم دوردة من قوائم و جدول الزيارات .
و أضاف أن ادارة المعتقل أقامت حواجز حديدية مدعمة بشباك حديدي تفصل بين المعتقلين و ذويهم لمسافة بعيدة تمنع الرؤية و السمع بشكل واضح الأمر الذى يدفع المعتقل و أهله إلى الصراخ ليتمكنوا من تبادل الحديث معتبراً ذلك إمعاناً فى إذلالهم و إهانتهم .
و أكد المصدر أن الإعياء و الضعف بدا واضحاً منذ فترة على هيئة أبوزيد دوردة و عدد من رفاقه فى المعتقل نتيجة تعرضهم للتعذيب النفسي والجسدى كما أكد أن رئيس الوزراء السابق البغدادى المحمودي يعاني من كسر فى ساقه نتيجة إعتداء تعرض له من القائمين على المعتقل مرجحاً تعرض دوردة الذى مُنعت عنه الزيارات إلى نفس الشيئ .
يشار إلى أن معتقل الهضبة يحتضن منذ ما يزيد عن سنة حواراً بين القائمين على المعتقل يمثلهم الارهابيان صالح الدعيكي و خالد الشريف وكيل وزارة الدفاع السابق كممثلين عن تنظيم الجماعة الليبية المقاتلة الارهابية و ” تيار ثورة 17 فبراير ” بشكل عام و المعتقلين يمثلهم عبدالله السنوسي كممثل عن ” تيار النظام السابق ” وسط معارضة وعدم مشاركة بوزيد دوردة به و ذلك بحسب ماكشف عنه محمد الزوي أمين مؤتمر الشعب العام سابقا ( البرلمان ) المفرج عنه مؤخراً من هذا المعتقل الذى لم تعد تعرف تبعيته بعد دخول المجلس الرئاسي إلى طرابلس و بقاء منصب وزارة العدل شاغراً حتى الآن .

قام الارهابي النجس صالح الدعيكي بالتعدي علي الاسير ابو زيد دورده
قام الارهابي النجس صالح الدعيكي المفتي الاول للجماعة الارهابية المقاتلة بالدخول الي الاسير ابو زيد دورده في سجنه ثالت ايام العيد ومحاولة استجوابه وعندما رفض ابو زيد قام بصفعه علي وجهه وضربه وامر بتحويله لسجن انفرادي وكتب علي باب السجن ممنوع التحدث معه وممنوع الزيارة وبعد ايام رجع اليه وقال له ( اتربيت يا كلب ) . وفي يوم 22 سبتمبر دخل مجموعه من الارهابيين الملتمين علي السجناء الساعة 12 ليلا و قاموا بافزاعهم وشتمهم بألفاظ نابية مهددين لهم بحكم الاعدام حيث انه تسسبب ذلك بالرعب بين السجناء وحالات اغماء للمرضي والكبار في السن وقاموا بسلبهم من جميع مستحقاتهم في الزنزانه . وبعد الحرمان من الزيارة دام لمدة تلاتة اشهر تم فيهم بناء صندوق من الحديد الذي لايمكن من خلاله حتي النظرجيدا وحيث ان المسافه تبعد متر لحرمان السجناء وذويهم من اللمس والسلام بل وحتى الصوت بالكاد يسمع من هول السياج مما تسسبب ذلك في حالة احتقان بين اهالي السجناء وقد عبر احد ابناء السجناء عن حزنه بقوله حسبي الله ونعم الوكيل فأنهالو عليه ضربأ وشتما وعندما قامت والدته بمحاولة فض النزاع والصراخ ابني ابني فقام احدهم بدفعها واسقاطها علي الارض . كما انه تسبب ذلك في حاله انهيار واغماء لفتاه من احد ابناء المساجين .. وكل ما سبق ذكره تم بتنسيق من الارهابي صالح الدعيكي .. وحسبنا الله ونعم الوكيل

أبو زيد كفاح أبلغ من الكلام

Wednesday, October 26, 2016

Death of Motorola Syria on the Offensive

    Death of Motorola, Syria on the Offensive



   The people of Novorossiya (aka the Donbass) have suffered a terrible loss. Arsen Pavlov better known to the world as Motorola was assassinated in a brutal terrorist bombing on October 16, 2016. He was a beloved commander and a hero to the people of the Donbass, to Russia, and to people all over the world who oppose the fascist junta in Ukraine and US imperialism. The murder was no doubt ordered by the empire in revenge for Russia's intervention in Syria which one year later appears to have decisively shifted the war. On every front the SAA are making advances and winning new victories especially in the battle to fully liberate Aleppo from NATO's terrorist death squads. Thankfully after the treacherous bombing at Deir Ezzor Russia was in no mood to give into the empty threats of full scale nuclear war the empire claimed it was prepared to launch in order to halt the liberation of Eastern Aleppo. Slowly the SAA are making gains on multiple fronts in Eastern Ghoutha, in Homs, in Aleppo.


    Arsen Pavlov was born in the Komi Republic at 15 he became an orphan and moved in with a grandmother. He joined the Russian Naval Infantry where he gained the callsign Motorola. He joined as a conscript but volunteered to reenlist and served in the 2nd Chechen War where he gained valuable experience, and they say became addicted to war. He was a bit of an adrenaline junky which added to his charisma since he was paradoxically cheerful in the most dangerous situations. He had a great sense of humor which came through even to non-russian speakers like myself but he was even more beloved in Russia and Ukraine for his hilarious narrations of the war in Ukraine.

   He was involved in the war in Ukraine from the start. He visited Maidan where he overheard some Ukrainian fascists saying that  they would kill ten Russians for every Ukrainian they lost. He decided to join the anti-maidan movement participating in counter-protests in Eastern Ukraine in Karkov and other cities before heading to Crimea to aid the people in fulfilling their long held dream of reuniting with Russia. It was in Crimea that he met Igor Strelkov who was impressed with his military experience and cheerful daring. Thus Motorola was one of the small group of men he brought with him to Slavyansk where a handful of veterans worked with the brave locals managing keep the Ukrainian Military tied down for months allowing vital time for Donetsk and Lugansk to solidify their defenses. In Slavyansk Strelkov and Motorola would become legends. Motorola became well known early on because not only was he a brave  fighter he was also a master of information war. It was Motorola who filmed many of the early battles of the war and also helped sympathetic journalists cover the war from the front lines. He well understood that the wars of today are fought not just on the battlefields but on the internet, on youtube, on social media. He helped  mobilize Global support for Novorossia's war to remain independent of fascist Ukraine inspiring volunteers from around the world. He was also able wage psychological warfare on the Ukrainians using his instincts as a prankster. He managed to convince the Ukrainians that there were 300 Chechen special forces aiding the Novorossian's in the area by playing a recording of the Muslim call to prayer every day. The paranoid Ukrainians fell for it and did not dare to invade the area.


   Motorola would go on to fight in many of the major battles of the war. He was not one of those commanders who lead from behind. Instead Motorola often fought on the front lines with his men. How could he ask his fighters to risk their lives when he would not do the same he would explain when questioned. Thus like the legendary Mozgovoi Motorola was reported dead many times in the course of the war by the Ukrainian media always reappearing to make a mockery of such claims. To do justice to his heroic actions in the war in Ukraine would require writing a history of much of the war since he was at so many famous battles Nikolayevka Semyonuka, Ilovaisk, Debaltsevo, Donetsk. He became the commander of the Spartak Battalion and was instrumental in liberating Donetsk airport from the fascist self styled "cyborgs." He had a beautiful and courageous wife and three children. He was Officially declared a Hero of Novorossia and honored in Last years victory parade celebrating both the victory over fascism in "The Great Patriotic War" as World War 2 is known in Russia but also the victories in the 2014-2015 wars of independence that saw the NATO backed Fascist Ukrainian army and it's death squad allies thoroughly smashed.


   Tragically after facing danger so many times on the battlefield Motorola was killed by a bomb  in the elevator in his apartment building as he was returning to his family. The news was met with grief and rage the world over. In Donetsk huge crowds filled the streets to bury their fallen Hero. Ultimately whoever set the bomb was serving not merely the fascist puppet regime in Kiev but the CIA. Thats how the CIA operate in these dirty wars they take control of their "allies" intelligence service through payoffs and sending in their advisers. Ukraine is little more then a NATO colony at this point. Thus we can be sure that someone in Washington green lit the assassination. Like the bombing at Deir Ezzor this assassination is meant to bring the war in Ukraine to a suitable boil by the time Hillary takes over in a couple months. 2017 will probably see Ukraine erupt into full blown war again. Of course the war never truly stopped with the Ukrainian army constantly shelling Novorossian civilians from a distance. There have been constant skirmishes. However clearly things are escalating and the assassination of Motorola is part of a pattern that included a failed assassination attempt on Motorola this summer, plots to kill the Prime Ministers of Donetsk and Lugansk Zhakarchenko, and Plotinsky, and the foiled terror plots in Crimea.


  Events in Ukraine are closely tied in with events in Syria. As I realized back in 2014 the whole Maidan coup in Ukraine was revenge for Russia preventing Obama from attacking Syria in the fall of 2013 after the "rebels" launched a chemical weapons attack and blamed the Syrian Government. Russia sent it's fleet to face down the potential attack Putin authorizing his commanders to unleash a nuclear war if necessary and supposedly even shooting down two cruise missiles launched by the US navy towards Syria. It was at this moment, that cold war 2.0 went into high gear. This despite the face saving deal in which Syria agreed to give up it's chemical weapons despite being innocent of the attack. The neocons launched the Maidan coup in revenge as has since been confirmed by Robert Parry. Since then whenever the empire met defeat in one of these countries it redoubled it's efforts in the other.  Motorola's death was revenge for the impending victory in Aleppo. This victory seems to be driving the empire of chaos absolutely mad with rage and in truth the survival of the world may depend on the people mobilizing to stop Hillary from starting a nuclear war with Russia over Syria or Ukraine. One hopes they are bluffing but the crazy rhetoric coming out of Washington these days suggests that the ruling class have completely lost their minds and seem to think Nuclear War is just another "cakewalk" like the disastrous invasion of Iraq.


   Thankfully the Russians refused to give in to nuclear blackmail and other then a lackluster "pause" in Aleppo to attempt to allow civilians to flee, and the terrorists to escape things have been looking ever bleaker for the NATO death squads. I'll briefly describe the situation based on a recent analysis by Canthama at Syrian Perspective. The SAA have been making slow but steady progress across the country. In Northern Hama they are reversing the gains made by the terrorist counteroffensive launched there in a failed attempt to distract the SAA from the battle of Aleppo. The terrorists have suffered heavy losses while being pushed back. In Western Ghouta recent SAA gains in Khan al Shaykh threaten to cut the terrorists off from a nearby  town. In East Ghouta the terrorists are suffering heavy losses in their doomed attempt to defend Al Rayham vital for keeping their supply routes open. In Southwestern Aleppo the liberation of the air defense battalion by the SAA and their advance into the Tal Balazul and Tal Mahaba hills threaten to cut off the supply routes to the 1070 Apartments. In Eastern Aleppo a 3 pronged Offensive continues to liberate the area bit by bit. In other words for the moment the war is going well. We will have to see what schemes the empire concocts in order to try to reverse these steady gains. One major danger is the ever expanding Turkish invasion in northern Syria and unfortunately Russia and Syria will probably come to regret not moving to stop the Turks from the start. This Turkish controlled area could well be used in the long running scheme to establish a no fly zone in the north of Syria. Rumor also has it that the terrorists in Aleppo are hoping to be rescued by a Turkish offensive. In addition the US is using it's Mosul campaign to herd ISIS into eastern Syria where they hope to use them to attack Deir Ezzor, and Palmyra and eventually attempt to turn eastern Syria into a Wahabi terrorist state.

   The war in Syria will continue we can only hope that one day the country will be fully liberated and at peace but unfortunately with Hillary heading for the white house the war will probably continue to intensify. As for Motorola we mourn with the people of Donbass over their fallen hero. Zhakarchenko has sworn to take his revenge on Ukraine's SBU and even promised to take back Slavyansk one day in Motorola's honor. Donetsk has lost a brave and charismatic commander but his death will serve as a warning to prepare for renewed war. Like Mozgovoi before him we will never forget Arsen Pavlov: Motorola.









Sources

A special thanks to @NovaShpakova for advice and inspiration

I recently read "Queen of Chaos: The Misadventures of Hillary Clinton" by Diana Johnstone. The book is a must read. It catalogs Clinton's disastrous foreign policy record and her dangerous advisers. It also provides a brilliant analysis of the past 25 years of Imperial history.

With the war in Ukraine heating up let me recommend Slavyangrad to my newer readers as a great english language site on Ukraine.

https://slavyangrad.org

A Great tribute to Motorola from a journalist who knew him

https://slavyangrad.org/2016/10/17/knight-of-the-cheerful-countenance/#more-7563

Igor Strelkov on Motorola

https://slavyangrad.org/2016/10/25/warrior-arsen-pavlov/#more-7730

The Saker on the Assassination of Motorola

http://www.unz.com/tsaker/the-murder-of-motorola-questions-which-must-be-answered/

The People of Novorossia mourn the loss of Motorola

https://slavyangrad.org/2016/10/22/motorola-won-even-in-death/

Pepe Escobar on the Battles For Aleppo and Mosul

http://www.counterpunch.org/2016/10/21/the-aleppo-mosul-riddle/

The latest news from Syria

http://syrianperspective.com/2016/10/syrian-army-slashes-through-alqaeda-defenses-in-doumaa-advancing-mightily-army-storming-sooraan-saa-bracing-for-confrontation-with-turk-degenerates.html

The Significance of the Battle for Aleppo

http://russia-insider.com/en/if-russia-wins-aleppo-its-end-american-hegemony-middle-east/ri16842

Vanessa Beeley's Must Read eye witness account of the war on Syria

http://www.globalresearch.ca/journey-to-aleppo-exposing-the-truth-buried-under-nato-propaganda/5547333

Vanessa Beeley Exposes the White Helmets

http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-real-syria-civil-defence-exposes-natos-white-helmets-as-terrorist-linked-imposters/5547528

The 1st US attempt to bomb Syria in 2013 was averted via a courageous standoff by the Russian Navy

 https://dninews.com/article/russias-big-guns-go-war?_utl_t=fb

A recent Analysis on the war in Syria

http://syrianperspective.com/2016/10/decisive-week-in-syria-the-saa-and-allies-are-about-to-deliver-a-coup-de-grace-in-southwest-aleppo-northern-hama-eastwest-ghouta.html

Sunday, September 25, 2016

Bombing at Deir Ezzor



    Battle for Aleppo, A treacherous Ceasefire, and the Deir Ezzor Bombing


    The war in Syria has reached a new level of intensity recently with a roller coaster series of events these past weeks. The SAA and their allies won a brilliant victory in Aleppo recapturing important areas that had been lost in the terrorist counter-offense at Ramouseh (See my August 2016 article Syria Libya Crimea Turkey) This meant trapping what was left of the massive terrorist force that had carried out this offensive and suffered huge losses in the process. Suddenly and unsurprisingly the American's decided to suggest a ceasefire which the Russians foolishly accepted and which would have sacrificed many of the gains the Syrians have won on the battlefield during the epic battle of Aleppo. In exchange all they would have received were empty promises to separate the non-existent "moderate" rebels from Al Nusra. Making deals with the lame duck Obama administration is of course completely pointless at this late stage. Hillary the Queen of Chaos will soon begin her reign and the imperialist rampage she has planned will not be restrained by any empty promises Obama and Kerry make to Russia in order to save their terrorist proxies.


   This was made abundantly clear days later when someone at the pentagon (or the CIA) decided to sabotage the whole rotten deal by treacherously bombing the heroic SAA troops defending Deir Ezzor and it's 300,000 civilians from the ISIS forces that surround them. Deir Ezzor is a symbol both of the heroism of Syria fighting on despite being surrounded by enemies as well as a guarantee that Syria will not be balkanized. Plans to turn eastern Syria into an independent terrorist state will never be successful so long as Deir Ezzor remains in government hands. This is no doubt why someone decided to bomb Deir Ezzor's defenders just as ISIS was about to launch a major offensive. This is the second time the US has done exactly the same thing last December they also bombed Deir Ezzor just as ISIS was about to attack. Thus the american claim that this was an accident is laughable especially since this time they returned to the scenes of their treacherous crime and bombed the SAA again as they were trying to evacuate the wounded. They killed 62-80 SAA troops including a general and injured hundreds more. The brief and treacherous Ceasefire ended and now the Battle for Aleppo is being fought with renewed intensity and the SAA hope to finally be able to end the terrorist siege of the city that has starved and terrorized the cities residents for years.


    The Battle for Aleppo has been dubbed the "Mother of All Battles." Ironically the current chapter began months back when it was decided to take back the territory lost thanks to the ceasefire agreed upon last spring. The Axis of Chaos (US-NATO-Israel-GCC) took the opportunity of that "Ceasefire" to massively rearm their terrorist proxies and to flood them with anti-tank missile launchers and other new weapons. This enabled the NATO death squads to  launch a major offensive in Aleppo seizing vital supply route and reversing the gains made by the SAA earlier in the year. That earlier ceasefire should have ended right then but the Russians refused to face reality holding out hope that the US would ever honor their promise to separate their smaller terrorist groups from (I refuse to call them "moderates" since there is zero difference between them and ISIS and Al Nusra) Al Nusra aka Al Qaeda in Syria. Anyways that is the charitable explanation for Russia's behavior since in reality they know full well that the "moderates" are terrorists and the US is only interested in destroying Syria not in a peaceful settlement. Eventually they were forced to abandon this charade when it became obvious the US was only using diplomacy to buy time for their terrorist proxies to regroup.

   The Battle for Aleppo began again and after months of stalemate the SAA began to make real progress seizing the Castello Armas highway cutting off the terrorists supply route into eastern Aleppo. The terrorists responded with a massive counter attack on the South Western part of the city breaking thru the SAA defenses and seizing their bases. For a moment the terrorists and their supporters rejoiced  but it soon became clear that this momentary victory would do nothing to relieve the siege on the area they controlled in eastern Aleppo and that they had fallen into a trap of their own making. After weeks of hard fighting the SAA and it's allies were  able to trap the terrorists in south western Aleppo. In the process the terrorists had laid themselves open to massive airstrikes and artillery fire loosing thousands of men. It was a glorious victory and the position of the terrorists seemed hopeless. They were cut off from their supplies and surrounded.

   It was at this moment the US suddenly agreed to a ceasefire which would have forced the SAA to release their stranglehold on the Castello Armas highway, halt their bombing allow supplies into the terrorist controlled areas, even giving americans joint control of the Russian  air strikes  and other treacherous points of advantage to their death squad proxies. It was irresponsible folly on the Russians part to agree to this deal after months of battle by the SAA, Hezbollah, and their Iraqi, Palestinian, Iranian and afghani allies. It was highly reminiscent of the Minsk agreement which saved fascist Ukraine from complete defeat back in 2014. In exchange all they got was the same empty promises about detaching the smaller terrorist groups from Al Nusra. Meanwhile in a few months whatever they agreed would have been tossed aside anyways once a new president took office. Frankly Russian diplomacy with it's backroom deals with Israel, Turkey, and the US makes me and other friends of Syria extremely nervous. The heroic people of Syria deserve better then to be used as a bargaining chip in such schemes.


   Thankfully the folly of the Russians was exceeded by the madness of the Pentagon. Although I'd say the CIA are the ones to blame since they run ISIS while the pentagon runs the kurds where they have been engaged in a proxy war with each other in northern Syria a new refinement in madness from the Empire of Chaos. Thus this incident should be seen in the context of the the decades long CIA sabotage of presidents efforts at detente with Russia from the downing of the U2, to the assassination of JFK, Watergate, even doubtless the deep "October surprise" which put Reagan in office. Cold War 2.0 is just getting started and the Russians were fools to think that anyone in the Obama Administration could stop it now even if they wanted. This of course is doubtful since it was they who started it in the first place with first the war on Syria and then the coup in Maidan that installed a fascist Junta in Ukraine. It's the natural byproduct of American natural security doctrine to prevent any rivals to the Empire of Chaos and as a result Russia and China will always be the main targets. Even with the American puppet Yeltsin in power the US still expanded NATO and destroyed Yugoslavia despite the tearful protests of their drunken pawn. Thus it is tragic to see Russia betraying it's allies in the hopes of winning the friendship of it's enemies.


    The brave defenders of Deie Ezzor have repelled endless waves of ISIS attacks for years in an area that ISIS completely controls. Deir Ezzor is a symbol of defiance and heroism to the people of Syria, and to people all over the world who are able to see thru the western propaganda narrative of the war. Deir Ezzor is a symbol that one day all of Syria will be liberated from the terrorists. Thus we will never forget the criminal attack the US launched while the ISIS  terrorists stood around laughing. If the Russians had not intervened to bomb the ISIS attackers who launched their attack in coordination with the US the town could have been in deadly danger of being over run. On the other hand the attack also destroyed the disastrous new ceasefire agreement so in a perverse way we should be grateful that months of sacrifice by the SAA and it's allies in the battle of Aleppo will not be squandered by scheming diplomats.


   With the end of the ceasefire the battle for Aleppo has been renewed with even greater intensity. An aid convoy was destroyed probably by the terrorists themselves to vilify the Syrian government possibly by the Syrians themselves to sabotage any attempts to renew the treacherous ceasefire. The whole thing appears to be yet another example of black propaganda by the US but it's not clear what exactly happened.


   In Aleppo the terrorists are surrounded and the SAA is launching a three pronged offensive to finally clear the city which has been looted, starved and terrorized for years. Unfortunately the Battle for Aleppo is still far from over and I just learned that the terrorists have destroyed vital pumping stations cutting off 1.5 Million people from water. Hopefully some way will be found to bring them back online. It is the latest of many hardships suffered by the brave people of Aleppo who have lost electricity, faced hunger, a shortage of medical supplies and suffered constant mortar artillery and sniper attacks. Such criminal tactics will not save them in the end. The  decisive victory in the battle of Aleppo by the SAA has already shifted the balance of the battle in Syria's favor. The SAA and it's allies are already making new advances recently gaining control of the now deserted refugee camp at Handaraat and a hospital. Obviously wars are extremely unpredictable especially Syria but hopefully the SAA will now be able to capitalize on their earlier victories in the the Battle for Aleppo and crush the terrorists occupying the city once and  for all.



Sources

Eva Bartlett's Photo essay on life in Aleppo

https://ingaza.wordpress.com/2016/09/22/aleppo-and-nearby-villages-ravaged-by-the-wests-moderate-terrorists-photo-essay/

Pepe Escobar on the Deir Ezzor bombing

https://www.rt.com/op-edge/360225-us-road-map-balkanize-syria/#.V-QFsR5Gr9I.facebook

Moon of Alabama on the attack on the aid convoy

http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article45535.htm

Amusing article on US special forces disgust at training "rebels"

http://russia-insider.com/en/nobody-believes-it-everyone-ground-knows-they-are-jihadis-us-special-forces-hate-their-syria-mission

The Ceasefire is over

http://syrianperspective.com/2016/09/american-supported-terrorists-go-down-like-flies-in-hama-the-so-called-cease-fire-is-over-and-putin-is-on-fire-american-terrorists-execute-26-citizens-because-they-want-to-leave-infested-areas-in-a.html

The next stage of the Battle for Aleppo has begun

http://syrianperspective.com/2016/09/handaraat-camp-liberated-by-saa-and-palestinians-forces-allied-to-government-600-rodents-surrender-and-become-human-in-suwaydaa-terrorists-defensive-lines-collapse-in-aleppo-city-important-gains.html

The folly of Russia's hopes for peace with the west

http://www.paulcraigroberts.org/2016/09/24/he-who-hesitates-is-lost-and-russia-hesitated-paul-craig-roberts/?utm_medium=twitter&utm_source=twitterfeed

Saturday, September 17, 2016

The Black Panther Party

       The Black Panther Party

  Dedicated to my friend and Comrade Marland X @CharlieMBrownX

   In my last article I dealt with the life of Black Panther Party Founder Huey P. Newton. I also discussed the origins of the Black Panther Party or BPP. Huey Newton and Bobby Seale formed the BPP in Oakland California to battle poverty, racism, and police brutality. The BPP was created to police the police and was the first step towards a revolution. They hoped their example would inspire others and after recruiting only a single person Lil Bobby Hutton they began their patrols armed with guns and a law book. The tactic worked and the party slowly began to expand. In nearby Richmond California the BPP began to win mass support by fighting on behalf of the family of Denzil Dowell who had been murdered by the police. They introduced a 10 point platform calling for socialism and self determination for the Black Community.  When the California Legislature decided to change the gun laws to make it illegal for the Panthers to conduct armed Patrols Bobby Seale lead an armed protest that was dubbed by the media as an "invasion." Bobby and about 20 other Panthers were arrested on trumped up charges on their way home but were soon released on bail. Then on October 28, 1967 Huey and Gene McKinney were pulled over and got in a shoot out with police after they tried to kill Huey Newton. Newton was wounded and one cop John Frey a notorious fascist was killed and his partner was wounded. Huey was put on trial for his life but the case also catapulted the party to national attention. Soon Black Panther Party branches had formed all over the country. The back to back assassinations of Martin Luther King April 4 1968 and of Lil Bobby Hutton on April 6 1968 lead to an even more massive expansion of the party.


   This Article will discuss the history of the Black Panther Party itself. It relies mainly on the definitive history of the Panthers "Black Against Empire: The History and Politics of the Black Panther Party" by Joshua Bloom and Waldo E. Martin Jr. which I highly recommend to anyone looking to learn more about the Black Panther Party. Especially since the topic is far too large to be done justice in a single article or even in a single book. Whole books have been written about the Panther's activities in a single city like Oakland, New York, LA, or Chicago and even more memoirs and biographies record the lives of individual Panthers. The authors of "Black Against Empire" seek to disentangle fact from legend and to explain the rise and fall of the Panthers. One could dedicate one's whole life to studying the party and many actually have. With the same problems that inspired the Panthers poverty, racism, imperialism, police brutality, mass incarceration now worse then ever it is important to revive their heroic example. The Black Panthers provided a blue print for revolution that is still relevant today.


    Since last time I dealt with the life of Huey P. Newton this time I'll begin with a brief discussion of the parties co-founder Bobby Seale. Bobby Seale was born in Dallas Texas October 22 1936. As a boy Seale suffered constant abuse from his father instilling in him a strong hatred of bullies. Even as a child Bobby became a champion of the under dog defending other kids from bullies. When he was 15 he befriended Steve Brumfield who taught him about the genocide and land theft suffered by Native Americans. They spent a couple of years trying to live as Lakota warriors armed with homemade knives and tomahawks and wandering the hills. From an early age Bobby had learned about guns and went hunting. He ended up joining the air force. Bobby was inspired by Malcolm X. After Malcolm was assassinated he went on a one man riot throwing rocks. He reconnected with Huey and the two were active members of the Revolutionary Action Movement  or RAM until the two men broke off and formed the Black Panther Party. Bobby lead the armed protest in Sacramento that the media dubbed an invasion. During the protest California's new Governor Ronald Reagan ran into the Panthers and was so terrified at the sight of them  he ran for his life hid in his office and was doubtless responsible for dispatching the police to arrest them based on whatever charges they could invent. After Huey was locked up Bobby Seale along with David Hilliard were instrumental in the creation of the Panthers survival programs.


   The Panthers Survival Programs were one of the most impressive projects they undertook. Building on the national movement that had been created behind the "Free Huey" campaign in Late 1968 Bobby Seale and David Hilliard had decided to create community programs that would immediately begin to improve people's lives. Hilliard an organizational genius became in many ways the de facto head of the party while Huey was in jail serving as the Panthers Chief of Staff and coordinating the Panthers Nationwide. They pressured local business into donating food, raised donations, and most importantly used the Panthers as an army of volunteers. Businesses that refused to donate would be held up to ridicule in the BPP paper, Boycotted or worse.  Every Morning the Panthers would wake up before morning and begin preparing food. Often the free Breakfast program fed not only children but their parents. The free Breakfast program also served to teach the kids. While they ate they were taught black history and revolutionary theory, By 1969 they were feeding 10,000 children a day in cities across the country. Soon they expanded the Survival Programs creating free health clinics. They got local doctors and nurses to volunteer their services providing free health care. They managed to Create at least 11 free health clinics. Such programs also served to raise the revolutionary question why is it that America the richest and most powerful country on the planet is unable to provide food, housing and health care to it's citizens yet always has hundreds of billions of dollars to wage war on poor people oversees? For a fraction of the cost of the Vietnam War the United States could have ended world hunger. The answer is Capitalism the US was literally waging war on the planet to preserve poverty and inequality so of course they let american children starve.


    The Panthers also created their own schools. Thanks to the racist school system Huey Newton had nearly graduated illiterate thus the Panther schools were dear to his heart. The Party itself was a school for it's members although often new members had been attracted by the parties policy of armed self defense in order to remain in the party they had to follow the parties rigorous political education program reading Mao, Lenin, Malcolm X, Che Guevara. Many who had been as badly served by the education system as Huey learned to read and think critically thanks to these programs. Massai Hewitt the Panthers Minister of Education traveled the country teaching the Panthers to read and think critically as well as schooling them in revolutionary Ideology.   Huey even opened a school the "Ideological Institute" to teach the Panther leaders Philosophy (which Huey loved) reading Kierkegaard and Nietzsche among other thinkers. However they would have preferred to study the theory of Guerrilla warfare.  More Successful were the attempts to create liberation schools. At least 9 schools were founded the most successful was the one in Oakland run by Ericka Huggins and Regina Davis. It grouped students by ability instead of age and would be recognized as one of the best schools in the country. It also insured that the children and often their families received 3 meals a day and even offered housing to some kids. Students were responsible for discipling themselves. The Panthers also helped to revolutionize the University education system and were far more influential in the student movement then most people recognize. The Kent state shootings were a response to a wave of student strikes that had been called by the Panthers and their new left student allies at Yale earlier that year for example. It was thanks in part to the Panthers that many universities were forced to create not only Black Studies programs, but similar programs for Asian, Latino, and Indigenous studies. It took an uprising at San Francisco State one of whose leaders was a College Professor who had joined the Panthers George Murray to finally force universities to institute long overdue reforms and the campaign at this school was the model for student uprisings across the country.

   The Panthers created other social programs as well. They start a bussing program to prisons so that families could visit prisoners. They also developed a "Free Commisary" program donating to prison commissaries so inmates could acquire the necessities. They developed a free ambulance program. They built Free Libraries that offered black literature and history. The Panthers had their own paper with a circulation of 150,000 which both funded the party and kept the black community informed. It was many peoples introduction to the parties ideology and was read around the wold. The Panthers made shoes and handed them out. They created a program to protect senior citizens called SAFE. The Panthers helped their communities in a hundred different ways their offices were soon flooded with community members seeking help and they would intervene to protect tenants offer legal advice, even start drug treatment programs. The Government found the Panthers community programs even more dangerous then armed self defense as they allowed the Panthers to build strong ties with their local communities. Thus the community programs became targets. Police raided free breakfast programs terrorizing the children, shot up panther offices and even bombed two of their free clinics. They also spread rumors that the Panthers were poisoning the food.


    Women often formed the backbone of the community programs and as time went on they would play an increasingly prominent role in the party. There was the controversial Elaine Brown (her lover mentor Jay Kennedy was in the CIA making her suspect) who would rise to lead the party from 1974-76 while Huey was in Exile in Cuba. There was briefly Angela Davis. There was Tupac Shakur's mother Afeni Shakur. There was Kathleen Cleaver one of their more popular speakers and the poster child for armed self defense. And of course Assata Shakur still in exile in Cuba after being framed for murder and escaping prison. There was Audrea Dunham who organized the Boston Chapter of the party and who recruited one of the parties most effective leaders Doug Miranda. Another unsung hero was Lyn French in Chicago. Ericka Huggins would found the New Haven Chapter and go on to run the Panther's school in Oakland with Regina Davis. In theory the panthers embraced women's liberation although in practice often old sexist ideas and practices remained. Still it was often the Panther women working behind the scenes who were the ones who really kept the party running. Thus while they didn't get the recognition they deserved we should remember the thousands of rank and file women who cooked the breakfasts, drove the buses to prisons, edited the paper, ran the schools and did much of the hard work behind the scenes.

   The Panthers presented a real challenge to the American empire and it responded predictably with assassinations dirty tricks and at times all out warfare. Unfortunately you'll have to read "Black Against Empire" if you want a full account of the war against the Panthers there were simply too many bombings of Panther Head Quarters,shootouts with police, attempted frame ups targeting Panther Leaders, disinformation campaigns, blackmail, infiltration, economic warfare, beatings, torture and political assassinations to go into here. To this day there are Panthers locked in prison on trumped up charges. Only last year one of George Jackson's disciples the Nicaraguan Hugo "Yogi" Pinell was brutally murdered. The war on the Panthers continues to this day. The recent brutal murder of black lives matter activist Darren Seals is a warning that the US may once again seek to wipe out the potential leaders in general and in the black community in particular. Thus I will discuss three of the Panthers most promising leaders who were assassinated as part of the plan to in J Edgar Hoover's words "prevent the rise of a black Messiah."


    Three Leaders each with the potential to change history were all assassinated. Their Names were Alprentice "Bunchy" Carter, Fed Hampton, and George L Jackson. I'll start with the least well known of the three Bunchy Carter. Bunchy knew Eldridge Cleaver from prison and met with Huey Newton and decided to join shortly before Huey was arrested. Bunchy was tasked with forming the Panthers LA branch. Bunchy was no ordinary recruit he was already a legend in LA known as the Mayor of the Ghetto he was the leader of the 3,000 strong Slauson gang. It was then the biggest gang in LA. Bunchy was probably the toughest man in the city of LA and while in prison he had become political first inspired by Malcolm X, and then drawing inspiration from the third world revolution. He was a poet and his poems were recited on street corners all over LA. Thus when he resigned from the Slausons to join the Panthers he brought with him 20 of his toughest men who he called his wolves and the Panther Chapter in LA instantly became a force to be reckoned with. Bunchy had the potential to Inspire millions of poor blacks to take a revolutionary path. He could have been a bridge between the Panthers and the Gangs converting them from criminals into revolutionaries. Unfortunately he was assassinated along with John Huggins by Ron Karenga's US organization. Karenga the inventor of Kwanza was a police informant the assassins were FBI informants and the FBI helped them to escape. Bunchy's spirit would live on in the LA panthers who would thanks to the tactical advice of Vietnam vet and Black Panther Geronimo Pratt fortify their LA headquarters to withstand a full on Siege. This would come in extremely useful when the LAPD launched a full military assault using the countries first SWAT team created to destroy the panthers. For 5 Hours the panthers managed to repel hundreds of cops firing machine guns, tear gas, and even using dynamite at one point. The cops fired over 5,000 rounds of ammunition. The Panthers fought back with rifles submachine guns and molotov cocktails. Inside the Panthers were inspired to keep fighting by Bunchy's poem "Mother."


   Fred Hampton was another dynamic Black Panther leader who was assassinated another tragic loss of someone with the potential to inspire millions. Growing up Hampton was both a star athlete and a star student. While still in High School he joined the Civil Rights movement joining the NAACP and leading a strike at his high school. He was a charismatic speaker and was recruited into the new Chicago chapter of the Black Panther Party quickly becoming it's leader. He was a charismatic public speaker who could electrify a crowd. He also had a major talent for unifying people trusted by both the old and the young, men and women the poor and the middles class and people of every race. He tried to merge the panthers with the P-Stone Rangers a gang that had grown a conscience and begun social programs to aid the local community. Unfortunately this effort was sabotaged by cointelpro which attempted to get the Rangers to turn on the Panthers by spreading rumors the Panthers were planning to assassinate the Rangers leader Jeff Fort. Luckily Fort and Hampton figured out what was happening before a war erupted. Hampton was fearless during the negotiations standing his ground despite the overwhelming firepower the rangers had managed to amass and which was on full display as Fort's dramatic way of explaining why the Rangers refused to be absorbed into the smaller Chicago Black Panther Party. More successful were Hampton's efforts to bridge the racial divide in Chicago in some ways even fiercer than that of the deep south as Martin Luther King had discovered when he tried to hold a march in the nearby town of Cicero Illinois and was greeted by a violent mob worse then any in the south. Hampton created the rainbow coalition which brought together poor whites, latinos, and blacks in a demand for social change. With his ability to unite and inspire people Hampton was a threat and he was brutally assassinated along with Mark Clark in a police raid instigated by the FBI. He was assassinated the night of December 4 1969. The cowardly police even had an informant drug Hampton so that he lay helplessly asleep next to his 8 Months pregnant girlfriend as they opened fire on the room where he slept the Informant William O'Neal having provided a complete floor plan. Hampton might have survived but the police then shot him at point blank range to finish him off. The police then lied and claimed there had been a shootout but the Panthers managed to expose this lie all the bullets had come from the police. They lead tours of the murder site and soon the transparent coverup had been completely exposed. Hampton was only 19 when they killed him there was no telling what he could have accomplished. Tragically this is exactly why he was murdered. Today his son Fred Hampton jr. is trying to carry on the tradition of his father.
 
    Finally there was George L. Jackson. As a youth he had gotten sucked into a life of petty crime. At 18 he was sentenced to 1 year to life for stealing 70.00 from a gas station. It was in prison that the brilliant George Jackson became politically radicalized joining the Black Guerrilla Family and beginning to study revolutionary theory. He joined the Black Panther Party in prison and began to organize the inmates. He set up a system where the inmates would all pool their resources and began to transform them from criminals into revolutionaries. He was utterly tough and fearless and won the prisoners respect with his willingness to risk his life defending his fellow prisoners. Unsurprisingly the prison authorities were terrified of his transformation from petty criminal into a revolutionary. His indeterminate sentence made it possible to insure that he would never be released. They tried to have him murdered by other prisoners and he survived over 20 murder attempts. They also attempted to break him by putting him in a strip cell with no toilet and only a canvas mat for a bed. He refused to be broken winning him even greater respect.  He was an electrifying writer his letters to his friends, family and comrades were collected in a book "Soledad Brother" that became an international sensation. This put his life in even greater danger. George was a threat to the coming mass incarceration system his work exposed the brutal abuses that went on behind prison walls. His work Organizing prisoners aimed to bring down the prison system itself. George was even able to bridge the racial divide in prison uniting black Latino and White prisoners that the system preferred to keep in a constant state of warfare. When the system couldn't break him it decided to kill him.

   His death was part of an escalating series of incidents. First on January 13 1970 a fight broke out in the exercise yard between Jackson's group and some Nazi prisoners the guard in the tower a notorious racist used this incident as an excuse and opened fire killing 3 of George's comrades. On Feb 28 1970 The same day the deaths were ruled justified a guard was killed in revenge. George was blamed along with Fleeta Drumgo, and John Cluchette because it was believed he was the only one capable of carrying it out. Now He was to go on trial for murder and the prison believed it had the leverage via it's total control of the prisoners lives to force someone to testify against Jackson. George had a younger brother Jonathan Jackson who was inspired by his brothers example to become a revolutionary. He trained himself in combat and martial arts and revolutionary theory. He dreamed of shooting down a police chopper and began to track and even terrorize the local police. Finally on August 7 1970  he attempted to Free George by walking into a courtroom with a submachine gun freeing the people on trial and taking the judge and DA hostage. He was gunned down and the hostages were killed as he tried to escape in a van apparently the state preferred to kill it's own rather then risk George's release. Governor Reagan attempted to use this incident to send Angela Davis to the gas chamber. George poured his rage over his brothers death as well as his love and admiration for the 17 year old into the revolutionary classic "Blood in My Eye" I recommend it to anyone interested in how a history could have gone had the Panthers dared to go on the offensive launching full scale urban guerrilla  warfare. He reprints sections of his brothers letters holding him up as a revolutionary model. A year later on August 21 1971 the final bloody chapter was written. Unfortunately what actually happened on that day remains a mystery to this day. However George L. Jackson was shot and killed and three guards and two inmate snitches were also dead by days end. The Prison movement had lost it's most dynamic leader. Even today a prisoner can be sent to solitary confinement for years on end merely for being found with a copy of George L. Jackson's books. Today the spirit of George Jackson lives on in the continuing struggle by prisoners to end this modern form of slavery. As I write prisoners all over the country are involved in labor strikes against the slave labor exploitation of prisoners. Only last year one of George's Comrades part of the San Quentin Six Hugo "Yogi" Pinell was brutally murdered in a setup. He had undergone years of torture and beatings in an attempt to break him.


The Panthers focus on the evils of the prison system and the american injustice system were yet another thing that made them ahead of their time and sadly given the explosion in the prison population more relevant then ever. Free the political prisoners like Mumia Abu Jamal, reverend Edward Pinkney and the many panthers and black revolutionaries still being held decades later. End Mass incarceration. Sadly I know from the experiences of a friend that the system still values $70.00 far higher then a black man's life. Jonathan Jackson's heroic rescue attempt of August 7 1970 and the martyrdom of George Jackson on August 21 1971 are what inspired the creation of Black August a month to remember black resistance to slavery and imperialism. Less then A month after the death of George Jackson on Sep 9 1971 the Prisoners at Attica staged an uprising demanding to be treated as men not beasts. On September 13 1971 Governor Nelson Rockefeller sent in a thousand national guardsmen killing 28 prisoners and 9 hostages.

   The Panther's influence stretched not only across the country but across the world. They made contacts with revolutionary movements around the globe. They Befriended the North Koreans, the Chinese the Vietnamese. They became allies of the ANC in South Africa and Frelimo in Mozambique. Even in Sweden they found allies and massive support. They helped inspire the creation of the Red Army Faction in Germany. They received support from Cuba. In Algeria they were even recognized as the official representatives of the United States and given all the privileges of diplomats. They gave their support to the Palestinians in their struggle for liberation. They brought the case for black self determination and reparations before the UN.


   The Panthers were a truly revolutionary movement. In the face of police brutality and the murder of blacks they formed self defense patrols. In the face of poverty they built community programs that would feed 20,000 children a day. The federal government was forced to massively expand their own social programs in order to compete. They threatened to turn gangs into revolutionary armies. They educated the masses. They brought focus on the american injustice system. They resisted the Mass incarceration state and organized prisoners. They built alliances around the world. They inspired not only black revolutionaries but asians, latinos, indigenous groups, and the student anti-war movement. What began in October of 1967 as only 3 men Huey P. Newton, Bobby Seale, and Lil Bobby Hutton to police the police grew into a nationwide movement. 50 Years later they still provide a blueprint for revolution that should continue to be studied and put into practice.




Sources

I Highly recommend "Black Against Empire: The History and Politics of the Black Panther Party" Which manages to chart the complex history of the Party and provides a great analysis of their rise and fall. I also relied on the DVD series "What We Want, What We Believe: Black Panther Party Library" I Re-read "Blood in My Eye" By George L. Jackson which I also highly recommend. I also relied on the works of Huey P. Newton "Revolutionary Suicide" "To Die For the People" and "War Against the Panthers" as well as Elaine Brown's "A Taste of Power: A Black Woman's Story"

The Jericho movement works to free political prisoners

http://www.thejerichomovement.com

Abayomi Azikwe on George Jackson the Attica Uprising and the current resistance by prisoners

http://www.workers.org/2016/09/14/the-1971-attica-rebellion-george-jackson-the-revolutionary-prison-movement-of-2016/?utm_content=bufferc7761&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer#.V9tCcHBHarV

Danny Haiphong on George Jackson

http://blackagendareport.com/george_jackson_blood_in_my_eye#sdfootnote1sym

Marland X Reviews "Will You Die For Me? My Life and the Black Panther Party By Flores A. Forbes

https://4strugglemag.org/2010/07/23/book-review-will-you-die-with-me-my-life-and-the-black-panther-party-by-flores-a-forbes/